How To Become A Full Stack Web Developer- A Complete Guide

Updated: Nov 17, 2020

Full stack developer

So you might've heard people saying that I'm a full-stack web Developer, But have you ever wondered what does a full stack web developer does or what skills are required to become a full-stack web developer?

Table of contents

  1. Who is a full-stack developer

  2. Skills required to become full-stack developer

  3. Front-end development skills

  4. Back-end development skills

  5. Databases

  6. Conclusion

Before we dig in let's understand what is the role of a full-stack web developer?

A full-stack web developer is a person who works on both the Front-end and Back-end of a website or an application, So, he/she will have to build web pages, UI, make the website simple and attractive. And at the Back-end, he/she will have to code the logic for the website, handle Data, queries.

Hence, the "full-stack" developer builds the sites/app from start to end.

So, here are a few skills you need to know to become a full-stack web developer.

Every now and then new trends are coming in web development, but there are some basic trends that never changes. Some major components in web development are listed below

Front-end Development Skills

Frontend Development is also known as client-side development. The best thing about frontend is that it is easy to start with, even a 12 year old kid can learn basics of frontend development.

It is responsible for the look and feel of the site. It refers to the "stuff" you see and interact with, how you present your website. e.g. Buttons, dropdowns, menus etc.

The Basics that you need to know about front-end development. you'll be working with these technologies daily if you decide to become a web developer.

HTML for the structure of your website

CSS to make your website look pretty

Javascript to make your website function

To learn and grow more in Front-end development, you should also learn some frameworks & libraries. Some of the libraries and frameworks are -





  • VUE JS

Backend Development Skills

Backend Development is also known as server-side development. The back-end is the part that is mostly left unseen, but it is the most crucial of all.

Backend Development deals with all your business logic. Business logic is basically some rules or algorithms, that handles the exchange of information between user interface and database.

The Back-end consists of three parts.

  • Server

  • Application

  • Database operations

There are multiple languages used in writing backend code, You can choose one and start coding in it. There is no need to start learning multiple languages. You can learn any one programming language and start working in that, once you gain enough knowledge in one programming language, you can learn new language if you wish. But one language is more than enough to get you started with Back-end Development.

  • JAVA


  • PHP



  • .NET


Databases are the most important thing for a website or an application as it is required to store and access the data of your website.

There are two types of databases.

  • Relational Database

  • NoSQL Database

The developer needs to know the difference between these databases to understand which will be useful for his/her website.

Relational Databases


  • MySQL

  • PostgreSQL

NoSQL Databases

  • MongoDB

  • Firebase

  • Apache Cassandra

  • Apache CouchDB


So, once you have gone through all the above steps, you’ll have a basic understanding of web development. The more you keep practicing, the more you will learn about web development.

Don't rush into learning every single thing in one go, take your time with these technologies - you'll have a lot of time to learn, the demand for web developers isn’t going down anytime soon.

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